Published on Wed Jun 05 2019

Interpretable and Differentially Private Predictions

Frederik Harder, Matthias Bauer, Mijung Park

Machine learning can compromise privacy by revealing individual data points. Can models be interpretable without compromising privacy? For complex big data fit by correspondingly rich models, balancing privacy and explainability is challenging.

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Abstract

Interpretable predictions, where it is clear why a machine learning model has made a particular decision, can compromise privacy by revealing the characteristics of individual data points. This raises the central question addressed in this paper: Can models be interpretable without compromising privacy? For complex big data fit by correspondingly rich models, balancing privacy and explainability is particularly challenging, such that this question has remained largely unexplored. In this paper, we propose a family of simple models in the aim of approximating complex models using several locally linear maps per class to provide high classification accuracy, as well as differentially private explanations on the classification. We illustrate the usefulness of our approach on several image benchmark datasets as well as a medical dataset.