A Systematic Analysis of Stellar Populations in the Host Galaxies of Changing-look AGNs
"Changing-look" active galactic nuclei (CL-AGNs) are a newly-discovered class of AGNs that show the appearance (or disappearance) of broad emission lines within a short time scale (months to years) and are often associated with the dramatic change of their continuum emissions. They provide us an unprecedented chance to directly investigate the host galaxy properties with minimal contamination from the luminous central engine during the "turn-off" state, which is difficult for normal luminous AGNs. In this work, for the first time, we systematically characterize the stellar populations and star formation histories (SFHs) of host galaxies for 26 turn-off CL-AGNs using the stellar population synthesis code STARLIGHT. We find that the stellar populations of CL-AGNs are similar to that of normal AGNs, excepts that the intermediate stellar populations contribute more fraction. We estimate their stellar velocity dispersions (σ⋆) and black hole masses (MBH,vir) and find that CL-AGNs also follow the overall MBH−σ⋆ relationship. We also confirm the previous claim that CL-AGNs tend to be biased towards lower Eddington ratio, and their extreme variabilities are more likely due to the intrinsic changes of accretion rates. In addition, CL-AGNs with recent star formations (SF) tend to have higher Eddington ratio. Compared with previous studies, our analysis suggests that there may be a correlation between the CL-AGN host galaxy properties and their CL phenomena.