Published on Sun Jun 20 2021

The role of AGN and its obscuration on the position of the host galaxy relative to Main Sequence

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We use X-ray Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) observed by the Chandra X-ray Observatory within the 9.3 deg Botes field of the NDWFS to study whether there is a correlation between X-ray luminosity (L) and star formation rate (SFR) of the host galaxy, at , with respect to the position of the galaxy to the main sequence (SFR). About half of the sources in the X-ray sample have spectroscopic redshifts. We also construct a reference galaxy catalogue. For both datasets, we use photometric data from optical to the far infrared, compiled by the HELP project and apply spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting, using the X-CIGALE code. We exclude quiescent sources from both the X-ray and the reference samples. We also account for the mass completeness of our dataset, in different redshifts bins. Our analysis highlights the importance of studying the SFR-L relation, in a uniform manner, taking into account the systematics and selection effects. Our results suggest that, in less massive galaxies (), AGN enhances the SFR of the host galaxy by compared to non AGN systems. A flat relation is observed for the most massive galaxies. SFR does not evolve with redshift. The results, although tentative, are consistent with a scenario in which, in less massive systems, both AGN and star formation (SF) are fed by cold gas, supplied by a merger event. In more massive galaxies, the flat relation could be explained by a different SMBH fuelling mechanism that is decoupled from the star formation of the host galaxy (e.g. hot diffuse gas). Finally, we compare the host galaxy properties of X-ray absorbed and unabsorbed sources. Our results show no difference which suggests that X-ray absorption is not linked with the properties of the galaxy.