Published on Thu Jun 24 2021

Jets from MRC 0600-399 bent by magnetic fields in the cluster Abell 3376

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Galaxy clusters are known to harbour magnetic fields. The nature of the intra-cluster magnetic fields remains an unresolved question. Intra-cluster magnetic field can be observed at the density contact discontinuity formed by cool and dense plasma running into hot ambient plasma, and the discontinuity exists near the 2nd BCG MRC 0600-399 of a merging galaxy cluster Abell 3376 (z=0.0461, hereafter as A3376). Elongated X-ray image in the east-west direction with a comet-like structure reaches a Mpc-scale (Fig1.(a)). Previous radio observations detected the bent jets from MRC 0600-399, moving in same direction as the sub-cluster's motion against ram pressure.Here we report a new radio observation of a radio galaxy MRC 0600-399 which is 3.4 times and 11 times higher resolution and sensitivity than the previous results. Contrary to typical jets, the MRC 0600-399 shows a 90deg bend at the contact discontinuity and the collimated jets further extend over 100 kpc from the bend point. Diffuse, elongated emission named "double-scythe" structures were detected for the first time. The spectral index flattens downstream of the bend point, indicating cosmic-ray re-acceleration. High-resolution numerical simulations reveal that the ordered magnetic field along the discontinuity plays a significant role in the change in the jet direction. The morphology of the "double-scythe" bear remarkable similarities with the simulations, which strengthens our understanding of the interaction between relativistic electrons and intra-cluster magnetic field.

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