Published on Tue Jun 05 2018

Practical Deep Stereo (PDS): Toward applications-friendly deep stereo matching

Stepan Tulyakov, Anton Ivanov, Francois Fleuret

End-to-end deep-learning networks have demonstrated extremely good performance for stereo matching. However, existing networks are memory-hungry and unable to process even modest-size images. The Practical Deep Stereo (PDS) network that we propose addresses both issues.

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Abstract

End-to-end deep-learning networks recently demonstrated extremely good perfor- mance for stereo matching. However, existing networks are difficult to use for practical applications since (1) they are memory-hungry and unable to process even modest-size images, (2) they have to be trained for a given disparity range. The Practical Deep Stereo (PDS) network that we propose addresses both issues: First, its architecture relies on novel bottleneck modules that drastically reduce the memory footprint in inference, and additional design choices allow to handle greater image size during training. This results in a model that leverages large image context to resolve matching ambiguities. Second, a novel sub-pixel cross- entropy loss combined with a MAP estimator make this network less sensitive to ambiguous matches, and applicable to any disparity range without re-training. We compare PDS to state-of-the-art methods published over the recent months, and demonstrate its superior performance on FlyingThings3D and KITTI sets.