Published on Mon Mar 01 2021

LEAF: Simulating Large Energy-Aware Fog Computing Environments

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Despite constant improvements in efficiency, today's data centers and networks consume enormous amounts of energy and this demand is expected to rise even further. An important research question is whether and how fog computing can curb this trend. As real-life deployments of fog infrastructure are still rare, a significant part of research relies on simulations. However, existing power models usually only target particular components such as compute nodes or battery-constrained edge devices. Combining analytical and discrete-event modeling, we develop a holistic but granular energy consumption model that can determine the power usage of compute nodes as well as network traffic and applications over time. Simulations can incorporate thousands of devices that execute complex application graphs on a distributed, heterogeneous, and resource-constrained infrastructure. We evaluated our publicly available prototype LEAF within a smart city traffic scenario, demonstrating that it enables research on energy-conserving fog computing architectures and can be used to assess dynamic task placement strategies and other energy-saving mechanisms.