Published on Thu Aug 19 2021

Segmentation of Lungs COVID Infected Regions by Attention Mechanism and Synthetic Data

Parham Yazdekhasty, Ali Zindari, Zahra Nabizadeh-ShahreBabak, Pejman Khadivi, Nader Karimi, Shadrokh Samavi

Machine learning can help healthcare professionals diagnose and treat COVID-19infected cases more efficiently. Coronavirus has caused hundreds of thousands of deaths. Fatalities could progressivelydecrease if every patient could get suitable treatment.

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Abstract

Coronavirus has caused hundreds of thousands of deaths. Fatalities could decrease if every patient could get suitable treatment by the healthcare system. Machine learning, especially computer vision methods based on deep learning, can help healthcare professionals diagnose and treat COVID-19 infected cases more efficiently. Hence, infected patients can get better service from the healthcare system and decrease the number of deaths caused by the coronavirus. This research proposes a method for segmenting infected lung regions in a CT image. For this purpose, a convolutional neural network with an attention mechanism is used to detect infected areas with complex patterns. Attention blocks improve the segmentation accuracy by focusing on informative parts of the image. Furthermore, a generative adversarial network generates synthetic images for data augmentation and expansion of small available datasets. Experimental results show the superiority of the proposed method compared to some existing procedures.

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