Published on Mon Dec 14 2020

Combining Similarity and Adversarial Learning to Generate Visual Explanation: Application to Medical Image Classification

Martin Charachon, Céline Hudelot, Paul-Henry Cournède, Camille Ruppli, Roberto Ardon

The method is model-agnostic and has a low computation burden at prediction time. It is adapted for real-time systems. We validate our approach on a large chest X-ray database.

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Abstract

Explaining decisions of black-box classifiers is paramount in sensitive domains such as medical imaging since clinicians confidence is necessary for adoption. Various explanation approaches have been proposed, among which perturbation based approaches are very promising. Within this class of methods, we leverage a learning framework to produce our visual explanations method. From a given classifier, we train two generators to produce from an input image the so called similar and adversarial images. The similar image shall be classified as the input image whereas the adversarial shall not. Visual explanation is built as the difference between these two generated images. Using metrics from the literature, our method outperforms state-of-the-art approaches. The proposed approach is model-agnostic and has a low computation burden at prediction time. Thus, it is adapted for real-time systems. Finally, we show that random geometric augmentations applied to the original image play a regularization role that improves several previously proposed explanation methods. We validate our approach on a large chest X-ray database.