Published on Tue Oct 27 2020

A Neuro-Symbolic Humanlike Arm Controller for Sophia the Robot

David Hanson, Alishba Imran, Abhinandan Vellanki, Sanjeew Kanagaraj

Robotic arms built with a humanlike configuration and aesthetic, with 28 degrees of freedom. The arms were modelled in Roodle and Gazebo with URDF models, as well as Unity. The results are available to test on the broadly released Hanson Robotics Sophia 2020 robot platform.

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Abstract

We outline the design and construction of novel robotic arms using machine perception, convolutional neural networks, and symbolic AI for logical control and affordance indexing. We describe our robotic arms built with a humanlike mechanical configuration and aesthetic, with 28 degrees of freedom, touch sensors, and series elastic actuators. The arms were modelled in Roodle and Gazebo with URDF models, as well as Unity, and implement motion control solutions for solving live games of Baccarat (the casino card game), rock paper scissors, handshaking, and drawing. This includes live interactions with people, incorporating both social control of the hands and facial gestures, and physical inverse kinematics (IK) for grasping and manipulation tasks. The resulting framework is an integral part of the Sophia 2020 alpha platform, which is being used with ongoing research in the authors work with team AHAM, an ANA Avatar Xprize effort towards human-AI hybrid telepresence. These results are available to test on the broadly released Hanson Robotics Sophia 2020 robot platform, for users to try and extend.