Published on Wed Mar 18 2020

Train, Learn, Expand, Repeat

Abhijeet Parida, Aadhithya Sankar, Rami Eisawy, Tom Finck, Benedikt Wiestler, Franz Pfister, Julia Moosbauer

High-quality labeled data is essential to successfully train supervised machine learning models. Medical professionals who can expertly label the data are a scarce and expensive resource. We propose a recursive training strategy to perform semantic segmentation given only very few training samples with pixel-level annotations.

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Abstract

High-quality labeled data is essential to successfully train supervised machine learning models. Although a large amount of unlabeled data is present in the medical domain, labeling poses a major challenge: medical professionals who can expertly label the data are a scarce and expensive resource. Making matters worse, voxel-wise delineation of data (e.g. for segmentation tasks) is tedious and suffers from high inter-rater variance, thus dramatically limiting available training data. We propose a recursive training strategy to perform the task of semantic segmentation given only very few training samples with pixel-level annotations. We expand on this small training set having cheaper image-level annotations using a recursive training strategy. We apply this technique on the segmentation of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in CT (computed tomography) scans of the brain, where typically few annotated data is available.