Nanosynapses perform both on-chip projection and regression operations. The system achieves nearly perfect (99%) accuracy at asufficient hidden layer size.
Emerging nanodevices such as resistive memories are being considered for
hardware realizations of a variety of artificial neural networks (ANNs),
including highly promising online variants of the learning approaches known as
reservoir computing (RC) and the extreme learning machine (ELM). We propose an
RC/ELM inspired learning system built with nanosynapses that performs both
on-chip projection and regression operations. To address time-dynamic tasks,
the hidden neurons of our system perform spatio-temporal integration and can be
further enhanced with variable sampling or multiple activation windows. We
detail the system and show its use in conjunction with a highly analog
nanosynapse device on a standard task with intrinsic timing dynamics- the TI-46
battery of spoken digits. The system achieves nearly perfect (99%) accuracy at
sufficient hidden layer size, which compares favorably with software results.
In addition, the model is extended to a larger dataset, the MNIST database of
handwritten digits. By translating the database into the time domain and using
variable integration windows, up to 95% classification accuracy is achieved. In
addition to an intrinsically low-power programming style, the proposed
architecture learns very quickly and can easily be converted into a spiking
system with negligible loss in performance- all features that confer
significant energy efficiency.