Published on Thu Jun 02 2016

A Spiking Network that Learns to Extract Spike Signatures from Speech Signals

Amirhossein Tavanaei, Anthony S Maida

Spiking neural networks (SNNs) with adaptive synapses reflect core properties of biological neural networks. The proposed SNN is evaluated using a spoken digit recognition task. The experimental results show that the network performs well in terms of accuracy rate and complexity.

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Abstract

Spiking neural networks (SNNs) with adaptive synapses reflect core properties of biological neural networks. Speech recognition, as an application involving audio coding and dynamic learning, provides a good test problem to study SNN functionality. We present a simple, novel, and efficient nonrecurrent SNN that learns to convert a speech signal into a spike train signature. The signature is distinguishable from signatures for other speech signals representing different words, thereby enabling digit recognition and discrimination in devices that use only spiking neurons. The method uses a small, nonrecurrent SNN consisting of Izhikevich neurons equipped with spike timing dependent plasticity (STDP) and biologically realistic synapses. This approach introduces an efficient and fast network without error-feedback training, although it does require supervised training. The new simulation results produce discriminative spike train patterns for spoken digits in which highly correlated spike trains belong to the same category and low correlated patterns belong to different categories. The proposed SNN is evaluated using a spoken digit recognition task where a subset of the Aurora speech dataset is used. The experimental results show that the network performs well in terms of accuracy rate and complexity.

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Spiking neural networks (SNNs) enable power-efficient implementations due to their sparse, spike-based coding scheme. This paper develops a bio-inspired SNN that uses unsupervised learning to extract discriminative features from speech signals.
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