Published on Fri Nov 27 2015

A C-LSTM Neural Network for Text Classification

Chunting Zhou, Chonglin Sun, Zhiyuan Liu, Francis C. M. Lau

C-LSTM is able to capture both local features of phrases as well as global and temporal sentence semantics. It can outperform both CNN and LSTM and can achieve excellent performance on these tasks. We evaluate the proposed model on sentiment classification and question classification tasks.

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Abstract

Neural network models have been demonstrated to be capable of achieving remarkable performance in sentence and document modeling. Convolutional neural network (CNN) and recurrent neural network (RNN) are two mainstream architectures for such modeling tasks, which adopt totally different ways of understanding natural languages. In this work, we combine the strengths of both architectures and propose a novel and unified model called C-LSTM for sentence representation and text classification. C-LSTM utilizes CNN to extract a sequence of higher-level phrase representations, and are fed into a long short-term memory recurrent neural network (LSTM) to obtain the sentence representation. C-LSTM is able to capture both local features of phrases as well as global and temporal sentence semantics. We evaluate the proposed architecture on sentiment classification and question classification tasks. The experimental results show that the C-LSTM outperforms both CNN and LSTM and can achieve excellent performance on these tasks.