Published on Sat Oct 03 2009

Pre-processing in AI based Prediction of QSARs

Om Prasad Patri, Amit Kumar Mishra

Machine learning, data mining and artificial intelligence (AI) based methods have been used to determine the relations between chemical structure and biological activity. Pre-processing of the dataset, which includes the mapping from a large number of molecular descriptors in the original high dimensional space to a small number of components

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Abstract

Machine learning, data mining and artificial intelligence (AI) based methods have been used to determine the relations between chemical structure and biological activity, called quantitative structure activity relationships (QSARs) for the compounds. Pre-processing of the dataset, which includes the mapping from a large number of molecular descriptors in the original high dimensional space to a small number of components in the lower dimensional space while retaining the features of the original data, is the first step in this process. A common practice is to use a mapping method for a dataset without prior analysis. This pre-analysis has been stressed in our work by applying it to two important classes of QSAR prediction problems: drug design (predicting anti-HIV-1 activity) and predictive toxicology (estimating hepatocarcinogenicity of chemicals). We apply one linear and two nonlinear mapping methods on each of the datasets. Based on this analysis, we conclude the nature of the inherent relationships between the elements of each dataset, and hence, the mapping method best suited for it. We also show that proper preprocessing can help us in choosing the right feature extraction tool as well as give an insight about the type of classifier pertinent for the given problem.