Published on Mon Jan 11 2016

How to learn a graph from smooth signals

Vassilis Kalofolias

We propose a framework that learns the graph structure underlying a set of Smooth signals. We show that the problem is a weighted minimization that leads to naturally sparse solutions. We present efficient, scalable primal-dual based algorithms for both our model and the previous state of the art.

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Abstract

We propose a framework that learns the graph structure underlying a set of smooth signals. Given $X\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ whose rows reside on the vertices of an unknown graph, we learn the edge weights $w\in\mathbb{R}_+^{m(m-1)/2}$ under the smoothness assumption that $\text{tr}{X^\top LX}$ is small. We show that the problem is a weighted $\ell$-1 minimization that leads to naturally sparse solutions. We point out how known graph learning or construction techniques fall within our framework and propose a new model that performs better than the state of the art in many settings. We present efficient, scalable primal-dual based algorithms for both our model and the previous state of the art, and evaluate their performance on artificial and real data.